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Islamists rule in Algeria

Algeria has hardly ever experienced independence. After the Carthaginian occupation, the golden age of Roman and Christian period (sour subject), the Byzantine interim and the vandal invasions, Algeria has been conquered by Arabs since 7th century. Under the rule of the Ottomans in 1515, then of the French in 1830, it obtained independence only on 3 July 1962... Under the patronage of the Americans and with Soviet instructors in the barracks. Today, after 55 years of FLN lies, the Algerian street is devoted to Islamists, persuaded that "they, at least, will not steal."

Algeria has been independent of France since 1962. The country is rich. It is the world's 18th largest producer of oil, the 10th largest producer of natural gas, 98% of its foreign exchange earnings come from gas and oil. But the world decline of oil prices, since 2014, and the decline in oil exports to the United States, who are now exploiting their shale gasrequire the Algerian government to make unpopular savings by cancelling Its multiple consumer subsidies. Exit social peace, prices of basic necessities, gas, electricity and fuels explode, angering Algerians and stretching out beards. The army and the politicians from National Liberation Front (FLN), in power since independence, have been discredited by their frauds and corruption for 55 years. An Islamic republic has become the only political horizon envisaged by Algerians. Washington tries to monitor and organize all that, keeping an eye on uranium and oil.

Algeria has been allowed to give lessons for years, in the name of decolonization, radiant socialism and Washington's pleasure of humiliating former colonial powers.
Ahmed Ben Bella, freshly appointed president of independent Algeria in 1962, with FLN imposed as a single party, on the corpses of the harkis and blackfoots slaughtered during the Oran massacre (5th July 1962), visited Washington in October 1962. He was well received, politely thanked gentle Americans for helping FLN to get rid of the French.
His visit to the White House was immediately followed, to the dismay of the Americans, by a visit to Havana. Algiers had chosen Moscow side, under cover of non-alignment. Houari Boumediene seized power in 1965, nationalized gas and oil (Sonatrach company), inspired Muammar Gaddafi and Saddam Hussein, who nationalized in turn and provoked the first oil crisis of 1973. Algeria claimed to negotiate with Vietnam to free last American hostages in 1973, sent troops to Egypt during the 1973 Yom Kippur War, backed Yasser Arafat in 1965, imposed him to the United Nations in 1974.

It is still Algeria who pretended to be able to impose peace between Iran and Iraq, claimed to settle Lebanon crisis, wriggled within the African Union, denounced apartheid in South Africa, while letting Egyptian and Pakistani imams islamize their country, for the sake of cutting bridges with Paris. FLN leaders had French republican teachers: they merely aped French 1793 revolutionaries, mixed with a zest of Islam.

On the death of Houari Boumediene in 1978, Chadli Bendjedid became president, actively pursuing Arabization policy of the country, inviting Palestinian National Council in 1988 to proclaim Palestinian independence, pretending to persuade President Saddam Hussein to get out of Kuwait...
On the domestic front, President Bendjedid had to end one party rule, he opened the door to democracy. Immediately, the Islamists of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) won the Algerian municipal elections on 21 June 1990, as well as the legislative elections of 26 December 1991. The army intervened, canceled elections results in early 1992 and sent Chadli Bendjedid back to the writing of his memoirs. Algeria plunged into civil war. 200,000 people were killed. Algeria was reaping the fruits of decades of Arabization. While the FLN leaders spoke of socialism, Algerian children had learnt the Qur'anic suras in madrassas...

Mohamed Boudiaf, an historical FLN leader exiled for 28 years, was called for help.He exposed state apparatus corruption and ended up murdered, during a speech, on June 29, 1992. In 1994, FLN named Liamine Zeroual for the presidency. He won the presidential elections in 1995 but had to resign, as his rapprochement with the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), which led to a truce with the Islamic Salvation Army (AIS), had displeased to some high rank officers who, In the "International Policy Review" under the signing of "General X", declared that the military did not allow Islamists "to take back by the vote what they had lost by arms."

Abdelaziz Bouteflika, the current (official) president, has won four elections, since 1999, a record of political longevity in Algeria. He is said to have allowed his country to emerge from the civil war by offering amnesty to Islamist fighters as early as 1999. But did he only have a choice? Today, Algeria is living at the rhythm of a Family Code directly inspired by Shariâa, the Quran is taught in the schools, and everything has been done so that the country forgets the French colonial period by the systematic Arabization of society.The country is ready for an Islamic republic; it is only a matter of time.

Islamist insurrection continues. The Islamic army of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) is active in the Sahara region, where they constantly cross the Malian and Libyan borders to destabilize the region.
The newspaper El Watan may have deplored, in 2015, Muslim extremism of Algerian society; barely a week after the legislative elections of May 4, 2017, Algerian Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal called Abderrazak Makri, president of the Movement for the Society of Peace (MSP, Muslim Brotherhood), asking him to participate in the next government. In front of the popular push, FLN executives anticipate the future. They make more and more concessions to religious parties.
The writer Anouar Rahmani faces a five-year prison sentence for blasphemy because of an article in the Penal Code, code 144 bis 2, dated from December 2006, which stipulates that "is punished by imprisonment of Three years to five years and a fine of fifty thousand to one hundred thousand dinars (from 421 to 842 euros), anyone who offends the Prophet (Peace and salvation be upon Him.) and the messengers of God or denigrates the dogma or precepts of Islam, whether by way of writing, drawing, declaration or any other means. "Anouar Rahmani defends homosexual communities, religious minorities in Algeria, the right to not believe and all forms of freedom. With the investigation of the Algerian Prosecutor's Office, the government agrees with the Muslim Brotherhood, ready to comply with their requirements for a future political alliance. The progressist speech years, the battles for women's liberation, socialism are long gone, the street does not want them.

Poverty remains high, unemployment endemic. The corruption of the government, the military and the administration has ended up fueling popular dissatisfaction. Certainly the FLN caciques and the army will remain in power as much as they can after the death of Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who is unconscious in his Zeralda presidential residence. His clinical death will be known long after he is buried. The Muslims brothers await their hour. It will arrive, brutal, savage, fed by decades of injustice, broken promises and unpunished state crimes.

For their part, since 2004, Americans continue to monitor jihadist groups in the Sahelian strip in the south of the country, from their base (built and modernized by BRC Halliburton) next to the oasis of Iherir, 110 km north-west of Djanet, and 220 km from the Libyan border in the des Adjer Tassili. Military maneuvers are common between American special forcesAlgerian special forces and South African mercenaries, former members of Executive Outcomes (see Robert Kaplan's "Hog Pilots, Blue Water Grunts").The P3 Orion and the six Beech-1900 Hisar planes are flying permanently in the Algerian sky.

Washington doesn't mind if the Salafist groups prepare a slaughter, as long as there is a way to arrange a deal for Algerian oil and uranium. There will always be a way to welcome these newcomers to Washington, as Mr. Ben Bella and his friends had been welcomed in 1962.

William Kergroach (


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