On 27 August 2010, the Presidium of the Supreme Court of Russia reopened the investigation on the murder of the Tsar and his family. The declassification of the Soviet archives on the murder of the Romanovs, in particular the report of Judge Sokolov in 1919, made it possible to learn the truth about the massacre of the Imperial family.
The Tsar, his wife, the Crown Prince and his four sisters were detained as prisoners in Yekaterinburg, in the Ural Mountains, until their assassination on the night of July 16-17, 1918. The Imperial Family Detention Officer Was Lenin's personal security assistant, agent Shaia Isaevitch Golostchekin, who had arrived from Germany in the same wagon. Agent Vladimir Ulyanov, said Lenin, had been sent to Russia to organize chaos and force Russia to ask for peace. Germany, freed of Russia, could thus return all her forces to the western front, defeat France, UK and Americans and then return to Russia to reestablish a regime at her convenience.
But Nicholas II refused to betray his country and his allies by signing a peace agreement. Henceforth, he was no longer useful, Lenin was ordered to have him suppressed by Yakov Solomon (Sverdlov), ambassador of the soviets in Berlin. The instructions were that the Romanovs should be shot in the Ipatiev house, their bodies having to be destroyed so that they could not be collected on their graves. It was necessary to destroy Holy Russia. The physician, and the servants attached to the Imperial family, witnesses,, were also to disappear.
On July 4, 1918, the Red Guards of the Ipatiev House were all replaced by a special commando. Most of the members of this commando came from Germany. The new chief, Yankel Chaimovich, named officially Yourovsky, was in charge of execution. Voikov, representative of the party committee of the region, was also to attend. As a chemist, he had to find a way to make bodies disappear. He was also responsible for giving the the reading of the death warrant to the imperial family. He learned the warrant by heart so that he could proceed with all possible solemnity. He hoped to enter history.
On the night of July 17, the Imperial family was awakened and invited to descend into the basement. They were told an attack was feared. Yankel Chaimovich Yourovsky, Voikov, and the others, stood by the door. The members of the Imperial family were not worried. They were accustomed to night-time alerts and frequent trips. The Tsar took a few steps towards Yankel Chaimovich Yourovsky and said quietly: "What are we doing now? "
As Voikov came forward to pronounce the sentence of the Ural Soviet, Yankel Chaimovich Yourovsky said: "Nicolas Alexandrovich, you will be shot with your family, according to the decision of the Ural Soviet. "
He fired at the same moment, at point-blank range, firing several blows. The Tsar fell. The other members of the commando started shooting too. The victims fell one after the other with the exception of the maid and the screaming girls. All the men rushed at the survivors and shot them into the head. The killers examined the corpses and threw bayonets in the bodies. That night they even killed Jimmy, Anastasia's little dog. The bodies laid on the ground, their faces disfigured by terror and bullets. The floor, sticky with blood, had become slippery as in a slaughterhouse. The nurse Yankel Shaimovich Yourovsky was very calm, he was used to. He carefully removed the jewels. Voikov wished to have his share, and drew the finger of one of the great duchesses; The body turned on its back, blood gushed from the mouth into a horrible gurgling. He dared not go further.
The corpses were first thrown into a pit of mine, after being stripped of their clothes and jewels, in the wood of Koptiaki. But the white Russians, the country was in civil war, could find them. The next night, the corpses were recovered and taken to the forest. At one point, the truck bogged down in a road and it was decided to bury the corpses there. For this horrible task, tried and tested members of the organization had been appointed. They were provided with axes used in butchering to debone the carcasses of oxen. The destruction of the bodies took place under the direction of Voikov and Yankel Chaimovich Yourovsky. Beloborodov, the commanding officer of the Urals Committee, and Chaia Issaevitch Golostchekin, Lenin's personal Cheka guard, went several times to monitor the operation.
The most difficult job was the skinning. When their work was finished, the men found themselves in front of a mass of trunks, legs, arms and heads. The bloody mass was sprinkled with gasoline and sulfuric acid, and was set on fire. It lasted two days and two nights. It was frightful, Yankel Chaimovich Yourovsky himself, could not stand it anymore. They tried to finish quickly. A new heap was made with what was left of charred flesh. A few grenades were thrown into the opening of the mine, the remains of black bones were thrown, and several dozen grenades were thrown to disperse them.
The first investigators, with Judge Sokolov, discovered, in 1919, an inscription, written in German by one of the executioners, on the wall of the crime chamber: "Belsatzar ward in selbiger Nacht Von seinem Knechter umgebracht" Balthazar, the same night, was killed by his slaves). These lines, framed by cabalistic signs, were inspired by a poem by Heinrich Heine, evoking the assassination of the pagan king of Babylon, Balthazar, by his slaves.
The author had added a t to Belsazar (Balthazar in German) to evoke the fate of the Czar. In the Old Testament, The Feast of Balthazar (Daniel 5:23) tells us that the king of Babylon invites his guests to drink in the golden vessels of the Temple of Jerusalem. During the feast, mysterious words appear on the walls of the palace. The prophet Daniel deciphers and warns Balthazar that he displeased Yahweh, for he profaned the sacred vases of the Temple of Jerusalem. Balthazar was assassinated the same evening.
The massacre of ex-Tsar Nicholas II was part of a plan, conceived outside Russia, intended to destroy the whole Romanov family and Holy Russia. From June 1918 to January 1919, 18 members of the Romanov dynasty were assassinated. The Ipatiev house was destroyed by Boris Yeltsin, on instructions from his predecessor, Andropov.
But the hill of the Assumption in Ekaterinburg has now become a place of pilgrimage, where more than 10,000 people go by month. No, Russia has not forgotten.